Saturday, June 4, 2011

Expressing logical assumptions and possibility

Rephrase the sentences using modal verbs of affirmative/negative logical assumption or possibility:

  1. I'm sure she has given up smoking.
  2. I'm sure she isn't feeling sick now.
  3. Perhaps she was telling the truth.
  4. Perhaps he was too ill to take part in the race.
  5. I'm sure they informed the police about the robbery.
  6. I'm sure he had warned the soldiers about the coming danger.
  7. I'm sure Jenny hasn't been working there that long.
  8. Perhaps he was asleep when we rang.
  9. I'm sure she didn't know about it.
  10. It's possible that Jane has left already.
  11. I have no doubt that he was lying to you.

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Career Moves

1. Jobs and Personalities

Artistic types
like working with designs and patterns.
Clothing designer
Conventional types like following instructions and routines.
Air traffic controller
Enterprising types like leading people and making decisions.
Flight attendants

Investigative types like figuring out problems.
Realistic types like working outside or with real-world materials.
Restaurant cook
Bus driver
Social types like working with other people
High school coach
Child-care worker

Can you think of two other jobs for each category?
What personality type do you think you are?
Would you want to do the jobs listed under your personality type?

2. Career Debate

Fashion Designer

“Designing clothes is not a man’s job. Women are much more fascinated by fashion.”
“Not so! Many great clothing designers are men. Just look at Calvin Klein!”

Flight Attendant
“I would love to fly all the time. Being a flight attendant sounds exciting.”
“I don’t think so. Flight attendants get tired of traveling. They have to be away from their families all the time.”

Gossip columnist
“I’d like to work for a newspaper, but writing a gossip column seems like an awful job.”
“I don’t’ agree! Finding out about famous people’s lives could be really fun.”

“I’d enjoy working with animals. I think being a veterinarian would be rewarding.”
“I’m not so sure. Animals can be very unpredictable. Getting bitten by a dog would be scary!”


Gerund phrases as subjects

Designing clothes is not a man’s job.
Being a flight attendant sounds exciting.
Writing a gossip column could be fun.
Directing a TV show would be interesting.

Gerund phrases as objects
He wouldn’t like being a fashion designer.
He’d enjoy being a flight attendant.
She’d be good at writing a gossip column.
They’d love directing a TV show.

Example: “Working as an architect would be really rewarding.”

(is, seems, sounds, must be, could be, would be)
(awful, scary, fantastic, fascinating, pretty difficult, kind of boring, really rewarding, very challenging)

Working as an architect
Taking care of children
Winning the lottery
Conducting an orchestra
Working on a movie set
Making a living as an artist
Writing for a newspaper
Retiring at age 40

Friday, December 3, 2010

How to Mingle at Parties

Watch the video and prepare for discussion:

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Used to

"Used to" refers to something that you regularly did in the past but don't do anymore.
  • I used to be very messy, but now I'm very neat.
  • Did you use to collect thing?
Yes, I used to collect comic books.
No, I didn't use to collect anything, but now I collect art.
  • What sports did you use to play?
I never used to play sports, but now I play tennis.

Which of these is true for you?

  • When I was a kid, I used to be very messy, but now I'm very neat.
  • I used to have a lot of hobbies, but now I don't have any free time.
  • I didn't use to collect anything, but now I do.
  • I used to be really into fashion, but these days I'm not interested anymore.
  • I never used to play sports, but now I like to keep fit.
  • I never used to worry about money, but now I do.
  • I didn't use to follow politics, but now I read the newspaper every day.
  • When I was younger, I used to care a lot about my appearance. Now, I'm too busy to care how I look.

Think of five more things you used to do before but don't do anymore.

  1. ..........................
  2. ..........................
  3. ..........................
  4. ..........................
  5. ..........................

Modals - Error Correction

In each sentence there is one word which shouldn't be there. Find the odd word.

  1. You shouldn't to have told him that.
  2. Would you have mind helping me with this?
  3. We were been ale to book a hotel room through a travel agency.
  4. Can you please to pass the salt?
  5. He might have had left his waller at home.
  6. You are not allowed it to enter that part of the building.
  7. Sonia should be know about his refusal to co-operate.
  8. They needn't to have spent so much money on redecorating their house.
  9. He may be is waiting for the bus.
  10. Mr Beaumont is to will arrive at 9.00 am tomorrow.
  11. Ellen is likely that to return sooner than expected.
  12. How about we calling him to find out if he has been invited too?
  13. That can't to have been Richard Gere!
  14. You should to go now.
  15. Might does he still be waiting for us?
  16. She will has to make an appointment to see the doctor.
  17. He has had got to borrow money twice already this month.
  18. You mustn't to let anyone know about our agreement.
  19. She may have had given you the wrong address.
  20. Would you mind if my asking you a personal question?